Types of air conditioners to consider – Forbes Advisor


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Like most of the appliances we have in our homes, air conditioners offer a convenience that we not only appreciate, but couldn’t imagine a time without. Yes, that’s right, we love our air conditioning and the cooling comfort it provides in our homes when the weather outside is just too hot to endure.

Whether you are looking to purchase HVAC units for your new home or are just looking to upgrade your home’s current cooling system, we’ve got you covered with an overview of the different types of air conditioning units available on the market. .

Mini Split Ductless

If you are looking to maximize your energy savings, this type of alternating current might just be the perfect choice. Ductless mini-split units can be installed in every room in your home that requires cooling and work to remove heat using a separate evaporator and fan for each room or space.

Ductless mini-splits allow you to control and customize the temperature in each room (with separate units that can be set on a timer and adjusted to achieve and maintain an optimal temperature for each room) instead of having to operate a traditional air conditioning unit, which typically disperses cool air throughout the house through installed ductwork.

If your home is an older structure, then ductwork may not have been a viable option due to the design and lack of space, but ductless mini-slots easily solve this problem. Installing these units is much easier compared to other systems, and you will appreciate not only its energy efficiency, but also the fact that these units are generally quieter than the other options.

If you also need to install or upgrade your home’s heating system, you may want to consider purchasing a ductless mini-split system with a heating component or heat pump. Be sure to consult a professional or do your research to determine if a single, double, triple, or quadruple zone unit is right for you, depending on how many rooms you are looking to keep cool. These units are typically wall mounted and cost around $ 12,000 on average. The brands to discover are:

  • Bosch
  • Panasonic
  • Ramsond

Window air conditioner

This type of air conditioner is best chosen based on the size of the room or space you are trying to cool. The larger the space, the more BTU (or British Thermal Unit, which is used to measure thermal energy) for your window air conditioning unit to cool it down. For small rooms 100 to 350 feet, 5 to 8,000 BTUs are good, while an AC unit with 18 to 24,000 BTUs is ideal for large spaces 1,000 to 1,500 feet and more.

The number of occupants, your ceiling height, and light levels will also play a role in how many BTUs you’ll need for a particular room. Most air conditioners come with an installation kit, but you may need to have the unit professionally installed for an additional charge. Some home improvement retailers may offer a special rate for this service upon purchase.

Models with a timer and remote control will allow you to adjust the fan speed and temperature of your air conditioner, thus saving energy. A window air conditioner cover should be used during the winter months to protect your air conditioner from the elements and to provide some insulation.

Make sure you determine the type of window you intend to place the AC unit in – sliding, casement, or double hung – and also have the window measurements handy so you can size properly your window air conditioner before purchasing.

Portable air conditioner

The convenience of movement comes from owning this type of AC unit, which is a compact standing unit (usually on wheels) that can be moved from room to room or space to space at will. for maximum convenience. An exhaust hose installed in a nearby window allows the machine to cool the air in the room while releasing unwanted hot air outside.

These units not only cool the air, but they also remove moisture from the air, a characteristic known as self-evaporation. Depending on the size and type of unit you select, your portable air conditioner may need to be drained of the water it accumulates due to the collection of moisture in the air. Typically, these units require their filters to be cleaned with some degree of regularity, perhaps up to twice a month.

Some portable air conditioners have Wi-Fi capability as well as heating capabilities that can be considered upgrade features, but be sure to select a model with sufficient BTU capacity to cool the desired room.

Floor mounted AC

Think of this type of air conditioner as the “opposite” or inferior version of the mini ductless units. While these are installed high on the wall of a room, near the ceiling, floor air conditioners are installed on or near the floor, sometimes just under a window.

This type of unit can be installed in a window, but most people opt for this type of air conditioning if wall space is not available or the window design (extremely large or elegant glass windows, for example). example) eliminates standard wall or window AC units. as viable options.

Most units of this style allow you to adjust the direction of the airflow with rotating mechanisms called levers or louvers. Floor mounted units are also available in the ductless mini split style.

Hybrid / dual fuel air conditioner

These air conditioners integrate two different types of heating and cooling technologies into a unit or system. Also known as a ‘hybrid heat pump’, this style of unit is ideal if you live in an area where the months are both cold and hot, as it allows you to both heat and cool your homes. living spaces at will.

This not only saves you space as you no longer need two separate machines for heating and cooling, but it also helps to maximize energy by moving the hot air that has been cooled around the house. and vice versa. The heating component of this HVAC is preferable to the high cost of boilers and ovens.

Smart air conditioner

With the ability to connect to Wi-Fi, smart air conditioners optimize your ability to control your device and therefore your home’s temperature remotely. In addition to alerting you when the filter needs to be replaced, you can schedule your smart air conditioner to run in the desired energy-saving mode and restart automatically if your home temporarily loses power.

Geothermal air conditioner

Geothermal air conditioning units offer the most energy efficient cooling option of all the different air conditioning options, but it’s fair to note that it can be quite expensive to set up. While you can pay a pretty penny for the initial installation, once this unit gets up and running by pumping cool (and sometimes hot, depending on your unit) air into your home through an underground piping system using the Thermal energy produced naturally by the earth, you end up saving a lot – an impressive 50% to 70% in general – in energy costs.

Ground-source air conditioners use refrigerant to cool the evaporator coils inside this unit before releasing it into your home.

Seat air conditioner

If you can imagine an air conditioning unit that uses a window for proper installation but is not installed “in” the actual window, you have captured the essence of this latest style of air conditioning. As the name suggests, this type of air conditioner “straddles” the width of your window base and typically requires very little installation.

If your window offers a privileged view that you prefer to keep so that you can enjoy it at your leisure, or if a window without a light-blocking air conditioning unit provides optimal sunlight that you cannot do without, the saddle the air conditioner is a excellent option. Like traditional window air conditioners, saddle air conditioners should be measured to make sure they can fit the window of choice.

These units are a bit more expensive than regular window air conditioners, as they’re relatively new to the market, but you might not mind paying premium dollars for a machine that has been awarded for its quiet cooling.

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Karl M. Bailey

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